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**On infinite period bifurcations with an application to roll waves.**
*(English)*
Zbl 0588.76024

By considering a model equation we are able to derive conditions under which a limit cycle, created (at small amplitude) by a Hopf bifurcation, can be destroyed (at finite amplitude) by an infinite period bifurcation, this latter appearing out of a homoclinic orbit formed by the separatrices of a saddle point equilibrium state. Further, we are able to extend the methods used for showing the existence of an infinite period bifurcation to calculate the amplitude of the limit cycle over its whole range of existence. These ideas are then applied to an equation arising in the theory of roll waves down an open inclined channel, extending previous work to include the case when the Reynolds number is large with the Froude number close to its critical value for the temporal instability of the uniform flow. Here the governing equation reduced to one similar in form to the model equation.

### MSC:

76B15 | Water waves, gravity waves; dispersion and scattering, nonlinear interaction |

34C25 | Periodic solutions to ordinary differential equations |

### Keywords:

system of first order ordinary differential equations; limit cycle; small amplitude; Hopf bifurcation; destroyed; finite amplitude; infinite period bifurcation; homoclinic orbit; separatrices of a saddle point equilibrium state; roll waves; open inclined channel; Reynolds number is large; Froude number close to its critical value; temporal instability; uniform flow
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\textit{J. H. Merkin} and \textit{D. J. Needham}, Acta Mech. 60, 1--16 (1986; Zbl 0588.76024)

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### References:

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