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Single species models with logistic growth and dissymmetric impulse dispersal. (English) Zbl 1402.92378

Summary: In this paper, two classes of single-species models with logistic growth and impulse dispersal (or migration) are studied: one model class describes dissymmetric impulsive bi-directional dispersal between two heterogeneous patches; and the other presents a new way of characterizing the aggregate migration of a natural population between two heterogeneous habitat patches, which alternates in direction periodically. In this theoretical study, some very general, weak conditions for the permanence, extinction of these systems, existence, uniqueness and global stability of positive periodic solutions are established by using analysis based on the theory of discrete dynamical systems. From this study, we observe that the dynamical behavior of populations with impulsive dispersal differs greatly from the behavior of models with continuous dispersal. Unlike models where the dispersal is continuous in time, in which the travel losses associated with dispersal make it difficult for such dispersal to evolve e.g., [A. Hastings, J. Math. Biol. 16, 49–55 (1982; Zbl 0496.92010); Theor. Popul. Biol. 24, 244–251 (1983; Zbl 0526.92025)] and [R. D. Holt, ibid. 28, 181–208 (1985; Zbl 0584.92022)], in the present study it was relatively easy for impulsive dispersal to positively affect populations when realistic parameter values were used, and a rich variety of behaviors were possible. From our results, we found impulsive dispersal seems to more nicely model natural dispersal behavior of populations and may be more relevant to the investigation of such behavior in real ecological systems.

MSC:

92D25 Population dynamics (general)
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