Mixed-mode patterns of bifurcations from spherically symmetric basic states.

*(English)*Zbl 0638.76069A number of patterns are derived which are likely to occur in bifurcations from spherically symmetric basic states when two neighbouring degrees l and \(l^*\) of spherical harmonics yield nearly the same lowest value of the control parameter. The analysis is motivated pimarily by the problem of convection in spherical shells in which case the Rayleigh number is the control parameter. But the formulation is kept general such that the results remain applicable to other problems as well. In contrast to the case of a single-degree l describing the bifurcating solution, the preferred patterns depend on the parameters of the physical problem. But their symmetry properties are likely to be preserved over a wide range of the parameter space. The new patterns are characterized by one, three, four and seven cells distributed over the spherical surface.

##### MSC:

76E99 | Hydrodynamic stability |

76E15 | Absolute and convective instability and stability in hydrodynamic stability |

76M99 | Basic methods in fluid mechanics |