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Formulating two-stage stochastic programs for interior point methods. (English) Zbl 0739.90048
Summary: This paper describes an approach for modeling two-stage stochastic programs that yields a form suitable for interior point algorithms. A staircase constraint structure is created by replacing first stage variables with sparse “split variables” in conjunction with side- constraints. Dense columns are thereby eliminated. The resulting model is larger than traditional stochastic programs, but computational savings are substantial — over a tenfold improvement for the problems tested. A series of experiments with stochastic networks drawn from financial planning demonstrates the attained efficiencies. Comparisons with MINOS and the dual block angular stochastic programming model are provided as benchmarks. The split variable approach is applicable to general two- stage stochastic programs and other dual block angular models.

MSC:
90C15 Stochastic programming
90-08 Computational methods for problems pertaining to operations research and mathematical programming
90B15 Stochastic network models in operations research
Software:
MINOS
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