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Proper likelihoods for Bayesian analysis. (English) Zbl 0751.62012
Summary: The validity of posterior probability statements follows from probability calculus when the likelihood is the density of the observations. To investigate other cases, a second, more intuitive definition of validity is introduced, based on coverage of posterior sets. This notion of validity suggests that the likelihood must be the density of a statistic, not necessarily sufficient, for posterior probability statements to be valid. A convenient numerical method is proposed to invalidate the use of certain likelihoods for Bayesian analysis. Integrated, marginal, and conditional likelihoods, derived to avoid nuisance parameters, are also discussed.

MSC:
62F15 Bayesian inference
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