On GCD and LCM matrices. (English) Zbl 0761.15013

Authors’ summary: Let \(S=\{x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)\) be a set of distinct positive integers. The matrix \((S)\) having the greatest common divisor \((x_i,x_j)\) of \(x_i\) and \(x_j\) as its \(i,j\) entry is called the greatest common divisor (GCD) matrix on \(S\). The matrix \([S]\) having the least common multiple of \(x_i\) and \(x_j\) as its \(i,j\) entry is called the least common multiple (LCM) matrix on \(S\). The set \(S\) is factor-closed if it contains every divisor of each of its elements. If \(S\) is factor-closed, we calculate the inverses of the GCD and LCM matrices on \(S\) and show that \([S](S)^{-1}\) is an integral matrix. We also extend a result of H. J. S. Smith [Proc. Lond. Math. Soc. 7, 208–212 (1875; JFM 08.0074.03] by calculating the determinant of \([S]\) when \((x_i,x_j)\in S\) for \(1\leq i\), \(j\leq n\).


15B36 Matrices of integers
11C20 Matrices, determinants in number theory
15A15 Determinants, permanents, traces, other special matrix functions


JFM 08.0074.03
Full Text: DOI


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