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Modeling satellite ozone data. (English) Zbl 0843.62105

Summary: Starting in the early 1970s, the decline in column ozone over much of the earth has received much attention. Satellite ozone data, with the advantage of global coverage, now play an important role in assessing long-term trends in ozone distributions. We consider a class of space-time regression models for the analysis of satellite data on a fixed latitude, which take into account temporal and longitudinal dependence of the observations. The models can be used to test the uniformity of long-term trends in different longitudinal ozone series. Using the property of circular matrices, explicit expressions of the likelihood functions are obtained. Asymptotic properties of the parameter estimates are briefly discussed. A diagnostic method is proposed to tentatively select the orders in the noise terms of the models. The space-time regression models are applied to the total ozone mapping spectrometer data for trend assessment.

MSC:

62P99 Applications of statistics
86A32 Geostatistics
62M10 Time series, auto-correlation, regression, etc. in statistics (GARCH)
62N99 Survival analysis and censored data
86A10 Meteorology and atmospheric physics
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