The partition of unity finite element method: basic theory and applications. (English) Zbl 0881.65099

Summary: The paper presents the basic ideas and the mathematical foundation of the partition of unity finite element method (PUFEM). We will show how the PUFEM can be used to employ the structure of the differential equation under consideration to construct effective and robust methods. Although the method and its theory are valid in \(n\) dimensions, a detailed and illustrative analysis will be given for a one-dimensional model problem. We identify some classes of non-standard problems which can profit highly from the advantages of the PUFEM and conclude this paper with some open questions concerning implementational aspects of the PUFEM.


65N30 Finite element, Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkin methods for boundary value problems involving PDEs
35J25 Boundary value problems for second-order elliptic equations
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