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Benchmarking and comparison of the task graph scheduling algorithms. (English) Zbl 0958.68020
Summary: The problem of scheduling a parallel program represented by a weighted directed acyclic graph to a set of homogeneous processors for minimizing the completion time of the program has been extensively studied. The NP-completeness of the problem has stimulated researchers to propose a myriad of heuristic algorithms. While most of these algorithms are reported to be efficient, it is not clear how they compare against each other. A meaningful performance evaluation and comparison of these algorithms is a complex task and it must take into account a number of issues. First, most scheduling algorithms are based upon diverse assumptions, making the performance comparison rather meaningless. Second, there does not exist a standard set of benchmarks to examine these algorithms. Third, most algorithms are evaluated using small problem sizes, and, therefore, their scalability is unknown. In this paper, we first provide a taxonomy for classifying various algorithms into distinct categories according to their assumptions and functionalities. We then propose a set of benchmarks that are based on diverse structures and are not biased toward a particular scheduling technique. We have implemented 15 scheduling algorithms and compared them on a common platform by using the proposed benchmarks, as well as by varying important problem parameters. We interpret the results based upon the design philosophies and principles behind these algorithms, drawing inferences why some algorithms perform better than others. We also propose a performance measure called scheduling scalability that captures the collective effectiveness of a scheduling algorithm in terms of its solution quality, the number of processors used, and the running time.

MSC:
68M20 Performance evaluation, queueing, and scheduling in the context of computer systems
68W05 Nonnumerical algorithms
68N19 Other programming paradigms (object-oriented, sequential, concurrent, automatic, etc.)
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