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**A positive conservative method for magnetohydrodynamics based on HLL and Roe methods.**
*(English)*
Zbl 0967.76061

Summary: The exact Riemann problem solutions of the usual equation of ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) can have negative pressure, if the initial data has \(\nabla\cdot C\neq 0\). This creates a problem for numerical solving because in a first-order finite-volume conservative Godunov-type method one cannot avoid jumps in the normal magnetic field component even if the magnetic field was divergence-free in the three-dimensional sense. We show that by allowing magnetic monopoles in MHD equations and properly taking into account the magnetostatic contribution to the Lorentz force, an additional source term appers in Faraday’s law only. Using the Harten-Lax-van Leer (HLL) Riemann solver and discretizing the source term in a specific manner, we obtain a method which is positive and conservative. We show positivity by extensive numerical experimentation. This MHD-HLL method is positive and conservative but rather diffusive; thus we show how to hybridize this method with the Roe method to obtain a much higher accuracy while still retaining positivity. The result is a fully robust positive conservative scheme for ideal MHD, whose accuracy and efficiency properties are similar to the first-order Roe method and which keeps \(\nabla\cdot{\mathbf B}\) small in the same sense as Powell’s method. As a special case, a method with similar characteristics for accuracy and robustness is obtained for the Euler equations as well.

### MSC:

76M12 | Finite volume methods applied to problems in fluid mechanics |

76W05 | Magnetohydrodynamics and electrohydrodynamics |

### Keywords:

Harten-Lax-van Leer Riemann solver; Riemann problem; ideal magnetohydrodynamics; magnetic monopoles; Roe method; positive conservative scheme; Euler equations### Software:

HLLE
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\textit{P. Janhunen}, J. Comput. Phys. 160, No. 2, 649--661 (2000; Zbl 0967.76061)

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### References:

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