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John W. Tukey as “philosopher”. (English) Zbl 1020.62003
Summary: Although not a traditional philosopher, John Tukey contributed much to our understanding of statistical science and empirical science more broadly. The former is represented by the light he shed on the relation of drawing conclusions to making decisions, and of how simple concepts like significance and confidence serve to back up or “confirm” empirical findings. Less successfully, he attempted inconclusively to sort out the ambiguities of R. A. Fisher’s fiducial argument. His main effort, however, went to creating “exploratory data analysis” or EDA as a subfield of statistics with much to offer to ongoing developments in data mining and data visualization.
MSC:
62A01 Foundations and philosophical topics in statistics
62-07 Data analysis (statistics) (MSC2010)
01A70 Biographies, obituaries, personalia, bibliographies
Biographic References:
Tukey, J. W.
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[1] BENNETT, J. H., ed. (1990). Statistical Inference and Analy sis: Selected Correspondence of R. A. Fisher. Oxford Univ. Press. · Zbl 0712.01007
[2] DEMPSTER, A. P. (1998). Logicist statistics I. Models and modeling. Statist. Sci. 13 248-276. · Zbl 1099.62501 · doi:10.1214/ss/1028905887
[3] DEMPSTER, A. P. (2002). Logicist statistics II. Inference. Submitted.
[4] FISHER, R. A. (1956). Statistical Methods and Scientific Inference. Hafner, New York. · Zbl 0070.36903
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[10] TUKEY, J. W. (1980). We need both explanatory and confirmatory. Amer. Statist. 34 23-25. · Zbl 0532.62072
[11] TUKEY, J. W. (1986). The Collected Works of John W. Tukey III. Philosophy and Principles of Data Analy sis: 1949-1964. Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.
[12] TUKEY, J. W. (1986). The Collected Works of John W. Tukey IV. Philosophy and Principles of Data Analy sis: 1965-1986. Wadsworth, Belmont, CA. · Zbl 0701.62012
[13] TUKEY, J. W. (1990). The Collected Works of John W. Tukey VI. More Mathematical: 1938-1984. Wadsworth, Belmont, CA.
[14] CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS 02138 E-MAIL: dempster@stat.harvard.edu
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