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Bayesian wavelet regression on curves with application to a spectroscopic calibration problem. (English) Zbl 1022.62027
Summary: Motivated by calibration problems in near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, we consider the linear degression setting in which the many predictor variables arise from sampling an essentially continuous curve at equally spaced points and there may be multiple predictands. We tackle this regression problem by calculating the wavelet transforms of the discretized curves, then applying a Bayesian variable selection method using mixture priors to the multivariate regression of predictands on wavelet coefficients. For prediction purposes, we average over a set of likely models. Applied to a particular problem in NIR spectroscopy, this approach was able to find subsets of the wavelet coefficients with overall better predictive performance than the more usual approaches. In the application, the available predictors are measurements of the NIR reflectance spectrum of biscuit dough pieces at 256 equally spaced wavelengths. The aim is to predict the composition (i.e., the fat, flour, sugar, and watet content) of the dough pieces using the spectral variables.
Thus we have a multivariate regression of four predictands on 256 predictors with quite high intercorrelation among the predictors. A training set of 39 samples is available to fit this regression. Applying a wavelet transform replaces the 256 measurements on each spectrum with 256 wavelet coefficients that carry the same information. The variable selection method could use subsets of these coefficients that gave good predictions for all four compositional variables on a separate test set of samples. Selecting in the wavelet domain rather than from the original spectral variables is appealing in this application, because a single wavelet coefficient can carry information from a band of wavelengths in the original spectrum. This band can be narrow or wide, depending on the scale of the wavelet selected.

62F15 Bayesian inference
62J05 Linear regression; mixed models
62P35 Applications of statistics to physics
65T60 Numerical methods for wavelets
62P99 Applications of statistics
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