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Complexity of robust single facility location problems on networks with uncertain edge lengths. (English) Zbl 1038.90041
Summary: We consider single-facility location problems on a network with uncertain edge lengths. Specifically, the lengths of edges are assumed to be random with unknown distributions and can take on any values within prespecified intervals of uncertainty. Uncertainty in edge lengths reflects uncertainty in transportation times, or transportation costs, along the edges. It is required to find a robust (minmax regret) solution, that is, a location which is \(\varepsilon\)-optimal for any possible realization of edge lengths, with \(\varepsilon\) as small as possible. We show that such robust location problems are strongly NP-hard, in contrast with robust location problems with only node weights uncertainty that are known to be polynomially solvable.

MSC:
90B80 Discrete location and assignment
90C35 Programming involving graphs or networks
90C47 Minimax problems in mathematical programming
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