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An accurate and efficient Bayesian method for automatic segmentation of brain MRI. (English) Zbl 1039.68684
Heyden, Anders (ed.) et al., Computer vision - ECCV 2002. 7th European conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, May 28–31, 2002. Proceedings. Part 4. Berlin: Springer (ISBN 3-540-43748-7). Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 2353, 560-574 (2002).
Summary: Automatic 3D segmentation of the brain from MR scans is a challenging problem that has received enormous amount of attention lately. Of the techniques reported in literature, very few are fully automatic. In this paper, we present an efficient and accurate, fully automatic 3D segmentation procedure for brain MR scans. It has several salient features namely, (1) instead of a single multiplicative bias field that affects all tissue intensities, separate parametric smooth models are used for the intensity of each class. This may be a more realistic model and avoids the need for a logarithmic transformation. (2) A brain atlas is used in conjunction with a robust registration procedure to find a non-rigid transformation that maps the standard brain to the specimen to be segmented. This transformation is then used to: segment the brain from non-brain tissue; compute prior probabilities for each class at each voxel location and find an appropriate automatic initialization. (3) Finally, a novel algorithm is presented which is a variant of the EM procedure, that incorporates a fast and accurate way to find optimal segmentations, given the intensity models along with the spatial coherence assumption. Experimental results with both synthetic and real data are included, as well as comparisons of the performance of our algorithm with that of other published methods.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 0992.68529].

68T45 Machine vision and scene understanding
92C55 Biomedical imaging and signal processing
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