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A new model of Saint Venant and Savage–Hutter type for gravity driven shallow water flows. (English. Abridged French version) Zbl 1044.35056
Summary: We introduce a new model for shallow water flows with non-flat bottom. A prototype is the Saint Venant equation for rivers and coastal areas, which is valid for small slopes. An improved model, due to Savage–Hutter, is valid for small slope variations. We introduce a new model which relaxes all restrictions on the topography. Moreover it satisfies the properties (i) to provide an energy dissipation inequality, (ii) to be an exact hydrostatic solution of Euler equations. The difficulty we overcome here is the normal dependence of the velocity field, that we are able to establish exactly. Applications we have in mind concern, in particular, computational aspects of flows of granular material (for example in debris avalanches) where such models are especially relevant.

MSC:
35Q35 PDEs in connection with fluid mechanics
76D05 Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible viscous fluids
74E20 Granularity
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