A simple Dufort-Frankel-type scheme for the Gross-Pitaevskii equation of Bose-Einstein condensates on different geometries. (English) Zbl 1050.81079

Summary: We develop a simple Dufort-Frankel-type scheme for solving the time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE). The GPE is a nonlinear Schrödinger equation describing the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) at very low temperature. Three different geometries including 1D spherically symmetric, 2D cylindrically symmetric, and 3D anisotropic Cartesian domains are considered. The present finite difference method is explicit, linearly unconditional stable and is able to handle the coordinate singularities in a natural way. Furthermore, the scheme is time reversible and satisfies a discrete analogue of density conservation law.


81V70 Many-body theory; quantum Hall effect
81S05 Commutation relations and statistics as related to quantum mechanics (general)
82B26 Phase transitions (general) in equilibrium statistical mechanics
81Q05 Closed and approximate solutions to the Schrödinger, Dirac, Klein-Gordon and other equations of quantum mechanics
35Q55 NLS equations (nonlinear Schrödinger equations)
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