zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Concentration, results and applications. (English) Zbl 1057.46011
Johnson, W. B. (ed.) et al., Handbook of the geometry of Banach spaces. Volume 2. Amsterdam: North-Holland (ISBN 0-444-51305-1/hbk). 1603-1634 (2003).
This survey is devoted to concentration phenomena, approximate isoperimetric inequalities, and their applications in the asymptotic theory of finite-dimensional spaces.
The introduction contains definitions and motivations. In Section 2, the author presents many inequalities for various probability spaces and some geometric inequalities, and discusses the methods of their proofs. In particular, the following inequalities are presented: Brunn-Minkowski inequality, Prékopa-Leindler inequality, Lévy’s isoperimetric inequality on the Euclidean sphere, Talagrand’s concentration inequalities on product spaces, logarithmic Sobolev inequality. Special attention is paid to martingales and martingale technique.
Section 3 deals with applications. As examples of use of the concentration of Lebesgue measure on the Euclidean sphere, the author presents Milman’s proof of Dvoretzky’s theorem and a proof of the Figiel-Lindenstrauss lemma. He then turns to fine embeddings of subspaces of \(L_p\) in \(\ell _p^n\) and discusses generalizations of the result of Johnson and Schechtman that \(\ell _p^{cn}\) nicely embeds in \(\ell _1^n\). Finally, a construction of symmetric block bases in finite-dimensional normed spaces is given.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 1013.46001].

46B07 Local theory of Banach spaces
46-00 General reference works (handbooks, dictionaries, bibliographies, etc.) pertaining to functional analysis
60-00 General reference works (handbooks, dictionaries, bibliographies, etc.) pertaining to probability theory
28A35 Measures and integrals in product spaces
46B09 Probabilistic methods in Banach space theory
46B20 Geometry and structure of normed linear spaces
52A21 Convexity and finite-dimensional Banach spaces (including special norms, zonoids, etc.) (aspects of convex geometry)
60B11 Probability theory on linear topological spaces
60B15 Probability measures on groups or semigroups, Fourier transforms, factorization