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Characteristic solutions of polynomial-like iterative equations. (English) Zbl 1060.39019
This paper belongs to the class of iterative equations which are of special interest for people in dynamical systems and functional equation. Precisely, the authors deal with the polynomial-like iterative equation \[ f^n (x) = \sum_{j=0}^{n-1} a_j f^j (x) \] where \( a_0, a_1,\dots, a_{n-1} \) are real numbers. The case \( f(x) = rx \), \( x \in C\), with \(r\) as unknown, is studied with detail. Some previous results are extended and the case of multiple characteristic roots is faced. They describe such equation in linear difference form, give relations between the characteristic solutions and other solutions and they construct in specific cases all continuous solutions. It is shown that the equation has no continuous real solutions of it has no real characteristic roots.

39B12 Iteration theory, iterative and composite equations
37E05 Dynamical systems involving maps of the interval (piecewise continuous, continuous, smooth)
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