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Sequential designs for phase I clinical trials with late-onset toxicities. (English) Zbl 1060.62547
Summary: Traditional designs for phase I clinical trials require each patient (or small group of patients) to be completely followed before the next patient or group is assigned. In situations such as when evaluating late-onset effects of radiation or toxicities from chemopreventive agents, this may result in trials of impractically long duration. We propose a new method, called the time-to-event continual reassessment method (TITE-CRM), that allows patients to be entered in a staggered fashion. It is an extension of the continual reassessment method (CRM) [J. O’Quigley, M. Pepe, and L. Fisher, Biometrics 46, No. 1, 33–48 (1990; Zbl 0715.62242)]. We also note that this time-to-toxicity approach can be applied to extend other designs for studies of short-term toxicities. We prove that the recommended dose given by the TITE-CRM converges to the correct level under certain conditions. A simulation study shows our method’s accuracy and safety are comparable with CRM’s while the former takes a much shorter trial duration: a trial that would take up to 12 years to complete by the CRM could be reduced to 2–4 years by our method.

62L05 Sequential statistical design
62P10 Applications of statistics to biology and medical sciences; meta analysis
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