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Normalizability, synchronicity, and relative exactness for vector fields in \(\mathbb C^2\). (English) Zbl 1068.37030

Summary: We study a necessary and sufficient condition under which an orbitally normalizable vector field of saddle or saddle-node type in \(\mathbb C^2\) is analytically conjugate to its formal normal form (i.e., normalizable) by a transformation fixing the leaves of the foliation locally. First, we express this condition in terms of the relative exactness of a certain 1-form derived from comparing the time-form of the vector field with the time-form of the normal form. Then we show that this condition is equivalent to a synchronicity condition: the vanishing of the integral of this 1-form along certain asymptotic cycles defined by the vector field. This can be seen as a generalization of the classical Poincaré theorem saying that a center is isochronous (i.e., synchronous to the linear center) if and only if it is linearizable. The results, in fact, allow us in many cases to compare any two vector fields which differ by a multiplicative factor. In these cases we show that the two vector fields are analytically conjugate by a transformation fixing the leaves of the foliation locally if and only if their time-forms are synchronous.

MSC:

37F75 Dynamical aspects of holomorphic foliations and vector fields
37C15 Topological and differentiable equivalence, conjugacy, moduli, classification of dynamical systems
34A35 Ordinary differential equations of infinite order
37C10 Dynamics induced by flows and semiflows
37G05 Normal forms for dynamical systems
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