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Positive mass theorem and the boundary behaviors of compact manifolds with nonnegative scalar curvature. (English) Zbl 1071.53018

Summary: We study the boundary behaviors of compact manifolds with nonnegative scalar curvature and nonempty boundary. Using a general version of the positive mass theorem of Schoen-Yau and Witten, we prove the following theorem: For any compact manifold with boundary and nonnegative scalar curvature, if it is spin and its boundary can be isometrically embedded into Euclidean space as a strictly convex hypersurface, then the integral of the mean curvature of the boundary of the manifold cannot be greater than the integral of the mean curvature of the embedded image as a hypersurface in Euclidean space. Moreover, equality holds if and only if the manifold is isometric with a domain in the Euclidean space. Conversely, under the assumption that the theorem is true one can prove the ADM mass of an asymptotically flat manifold is nonnegative which is part of the positive mass theorem.

MSC:

53C20 Global Riemannian geometry, including pinching
53C21 Methods of global Riemannian geometry, including PDE methods; curvature restrictions
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