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Comparison of discrimination methods for the classification of tumors using gene expression data. (English) Zbl 1073.62576
Summary: A reliable and precise classification of tumors is essential for successful diagnosis and treatment of cancer. cDNA microarrays and high-density oligonucleotide chips are novel biotechnologies increasingly used in cancer research. By allowing the monitoring of expression levels in cells for thousands of genes simultaneously, microarray experiments may lead to a more complete understanding of the molecular variations among tumors and hence to a finer and more informative classification. The ability to successfully distinguish between tumor classes (already known or yet to be discovered) using gene expression data is an important aspect of this novel approach to cancer classification. This article compares the performance of different discrimination methods for the classification of tumors based on gene expression data. The methods include nearest-neighbor classifiers, linear discriminant analysis, and classification trees. Recent machine learning approaches, such as bagging and boosting, are also considered. The discrimination methods are applied to datasets from three recently published cancer gene expression studies.

MSC:
62P10 Applications of statistics to biology and medical sciences; meta analysis
62H30 Classification and discrimination; cluster analysis (statistical aspects)
92C50 Medical applications (general)
92C40 Biochemistry, molecular biology
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