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Numerical prediction of blast-induced stress wave from large-scale underground explosion. (English) Zbl 1075.74587
Summary: This paper presents a numerical model for predicting the dynamic response of rock mass subjected to large-scale underground explosion. The model is calibrated against data obtained from large-scale field tests. The Hugoniot equation of state for rock mass is adopted to calculate the pressure as a function of mass density. A piecewise linear Drucker-Prager strength criterion including the strain rate effect is employed to model the rock mass behaviour subjected to blast loading. A double scalar damage model accounting for both the compression and tension damage is introduced to simulate the damage zone around the charge chamber caused by blast loading. The model is incorporated into Autodyn3D through its user subroutines. The numerical model is then used to predict the dynamic response of rock mass, in terms of the peak particle velocity (PPV) and peak particle acceleration (PPA) attenuation laws, the damage zone, the particle velocity time histories and their frequency contents for large-scale underground explosion tests. The computed results are found in good agreement with the field measured data; hence, the proposed model is proven to be adequate for simulating the dynamic response of rock mass subjected to large-scale underground explosion. Extended numerical analyses indicate that, apart from the charge loading density, the stress wave intensity is also affected, but to a lesser extent, by the charge weight and the charge chamber geometry for large-scale underground explosions.
74L10 Soil and rock mechanics
74J40 Shocks and related discontinuities in solid mechanics
74R15 High-velocity fracture
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