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Performance of confidence intervals in regression models with unbalanced one-fold nested error structures. (English) Zbl 1081.62540
Summary: We consider the problem of constructing confidence intervals for a linear regression model with unbalanced nested error structure. A popular approach is the likelihood-based method employed by PROC MIXED of SAS. We examine the ability of MIXED to produce confidence intervals that maintain the stated confidence coefficient. Our results suggest that intervals for the regression coefficients work well, but intervals for the variance component associated with the primary level cannot be recommended. Accordingly, we propose alternative methods for constructing confidence intervals on the primary level variance component. Computer simulation is used to compare the proposed methods. A numerical example and SAS code are provided to demonstrate the methods.

62J05 Linear regression; mixed models
62F25 Parametric tolerance and confidence regions
62J10 Analysis of variance and covariance (ANOVA)
65C60 Computational problems in statistics (MSC2010)
Full Text: DOI
[1] DOI: 10.1002/0471725153 · doi:10.1002/0471725153
[2] DOI: 10.1080/03610929408831364 · Zbl 0825.62194 · doi:10.1080/03610929408831364
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[4] DOI: 10.1214/aos/1176343586 · Zbl 0344.62060 · doi:10.1214/aos/1176343586
[5] DOI: 10.1080/00949659008811240 · doi:10.1080/00949659008811240
[6] DOI: 10.2307/2289949 · doi:10.2307/2289949
[7] DOI: 10.2307/2290779 · Zbl 0785.62029 · doi:10.2307/2290779
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