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Algorithmic learning in a random world. (English) Zbl 1105.68052

New York, NY: Springer (ISBN 0-387-00152-2/hbk). xiv, 324 p. (2005).
Publisher’s description: This book describes recent theoretical and experimental developments in building computable approximations to Kolmogorov’s algorithmic notion of randomness. Based on these approximations, a new set of machine learning algorithms have been developed that can be used to make predictions and to estimate their confidence and credibility in high-dimensional spaces under the usual assumption that the data are independent and identically distributed (assumption of randomness). Another aim of this unique monograph is to outline some limits of predictions: The approach based on algorithmic theory of randomness allows for the proof of impossibility of prediction in certain situations. The book describes how several important machine learning problems, such as density estimation in high-dimensional spaces, cannot be solved if the only assumption is randomness.

MSC:

68Q32 Computational learning theory
68Q30 Algorithmic information theory (Kolmogorov complexity, etc.)
68-02 Research exposition (monographs, survey articles) pertaining to computer science
68T05 Learning and adaptive systems in artificial intelligence
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