×

zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

A universal reflexive space for the class of uniformly convex Banach spaces. (English) Zbl 1108.46007
In [Proc. Am. Math. Soc. 79, 241–246 (1980; Zbl 0438.46005)], J. Bourgain proved that there is no universal space in the class of separable reflexive spaces: every separable Banach space which contains an isomorphic copy of every separable reflexive Banach space contains actually an isomorphic copy of every separable Banach space. He asked if there exists a separable reflexive Banach space which contains an isomorphic copy of every separable superreflexive Banach space (or, equivalently, of every separable uniformly convex Banach space). In the paper under review, the authors answer this question affirmatively.
Their proof uses a result of S. Prus [Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci., Math. 31, 281–288 (1983; Zbl 0547.46007)], which is a partial answer to Bourgain’s question: there exists a reflexive Banach space \(X_P\) with a basis such that every separable superreflexive space with the approximation property is isomorphic to a complemented subspace of \(X_P\). The crucial role in his proof is played by the notions of \(p\)-lower and \(q\)-upper estimates for disjoint blocks of a given finite-dimensional decomposition (\(FDD\) with \((p,q)\)-estimates); in particular, this space \(X_P\) is universal for the class of Banach spaces having \(FDD\) with \((p,q)\)-estimates.
The authors of the present paper introduce the notion of \((p,q)\)-tree estimates, \(1\leq q \leq p \leq \infty\), and show that for a reflexive Banach space \(X\), it is equivalent to say that: (a) \(X\) has \((p,q)\)-tree estimates, or that: (b) \(X\) is isomorphic to a subspace of a reflexive space having an \(FDD\) with \((p,q)\)-estimates. That answers Bourgain’s question, since it follows from V. I. Gurarij and N. I. Gurarij [Math. USSR, Izv. 5 (1971), 220–225 (1972; Zbl 0248.46017); Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Mat. 35, 210–215 (1971; Zbl 0214.12702)] (see also [R. C. James, Pac. J. Math. 41, 409–419 (1972; Zbl 0235.46031)]) that every uniformly convex space has \((p,q)\)-tree estimates. This proof uses blocking techniques and M. Zippin’s result that every reflexive space can be embedded into a reflexive space with a basis [Trans. Am. Math. Soc. 310, No. 1, 371–379 (1988; Zbl 0706.46015)]. Actually, to show that (a) \(\Leftrightarrow\) (b), the authors go through a third property: (c) \(X\) is isomorphic to a quotient of a reflexive space having an FDD with \((p,q)\)-estimates.
Reviewer: Daniel Li (Lens)

MSC:
46B03 Isomorphic theory (including renorming) of Banach spaces
46B20 Geometry and structure of normed linear spaces
PDF BibTeX XML Cite
Full Text: DOI arXiv
References:
[1] Bourgain, J.: On separable Banach spaces, universal for all separable reflexive spaces. Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 79(2), 241–246 (1980) · Zbl 0438.46005 · doi:10.1090/S0002-9939-1980-0565347-4
[2] Enflo, P.: Banach spaces which can be given an equivalent uniformly convex norm. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Partial Differential Equations and the Geometry of Normed Linear Spaces, Jerusalem, 1972, Israel J. Math. 13, (1972) 281–288 (1973)
[3] Gurarii, V.I., Gurarii, N.I.: Bases in uniformly convex and uniformly smooth Banach spaces.Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Mat. 35, 210–215 (Russian) (1971)
[4] James, Robert C.: Super-reflexive spaces with bases. Pacific J. Math. 41, 409–419 (1972) · Zbl 0235.46031
[5] Johnson, W.B.: On quotients of Lp which are quotients of lp. Compositio Math. 34(1), 69–89 (1977) · Zbl 0375.46023
[6] Johnson, W.B., Zippin, M.: On subspaces of quotients of and . Proceedings of the International Symposium on Partial Differential Equations and the Geometry of Normed Linear Spaces, Jerusalem, 1972, Israel J. Math. 13, (1972) 311–316 (1973)
[7] Johnson, W.B., Zippin, M.: Subspaces and quotient spaces of and . Israel J. Math. 17, 50–55 (1974) · Zbl 0282.46015 · doi:10.1007/BF02756824
[8] Johnson, W.B., Lindenstrauss, J., Preiss, D., Schechtman, G.: Almost FrĂ©chet differentiability of Lipschitz mappings between infinite-dimensional Banach spaces. Proc. London Math. Soc. 84(3), 711–746 (2002) · Zbl 1023.46046 · doi:10.1112/S0024611502013400
[9] Odell, E., Schlumprecht, Th.: Trees and branches in Banach spaces. Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 354(10), 4085–4108 (2002) · Zbl 1023.46014 · doi:10.1090/S0002-9947-02-02984-7
[10] Pisier, G.: Martingales with values in uniformly convex spaces. Israel J. Math. 20(3–4), 326–350 (1975) · Zbl 0344.46030
[11] Prus, S.: Finite-dimensional decompositions with p-estimates and universal Banach spaces. (Russian summary), Bull. Polish Acad. Sci. Math. 31(5–8), (1983) 281–288 (1984) · Zbl 0547.46007
[12] Zippin, M.: Banach spaces with separable duals. Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 310(1), 371–379 (1988) · Zbl 0706.46015 · doi:10.1090/S0002-9947-1988-0965758-0
This reference list is based on information provided by the publisher or from digital mathematics libraries. Its items are heuristically matched to zbMATH identifiers and may contain data conversion errors. It attempts to reflect the references listed in the original paper as accurately as possible without claiming the completeness or perfect precision of the matching.