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Quay crane scheduling at container terminals to minimize the maximum relative tardiness of vessel departures. (English) Zbl 1112.90031
Summary: We study the problem of scheduling quay cranes (QCs) at container terminals where incoming vessels have different ready times. The objective is to minimize the maximum relative tardiness of vessel departures. The problem can be formulated as a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model of large size that is difficult to solve directly. We propose a heuristic decomposition approach to breakdown the problem into two smaller, linked models, the vessel-level and the berth-level models. With the same berth-level model, two heuristic methods are developed using different vessel-level models. Computational experiments show that the proposed approach is effective and efficient.

##### MSC:
 90B35 Deterministic scheduling theory in operations research 90C10 Integer programming 90C59 Approximation methods and heuristics in mathematical programming
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