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Exact solution of the Riemann problem for the shallow water equations with discontinuous bottom geometry. (English) Zbl 1132.76027
Summary: We present the exact solution of Riemann problem for nonlinear shallow water equations with a step-like bottom. The solution has been obtained by solving an enlarged system that includes an additional equation for the bottom geometry, and then using the principles of conservation of mass and momentum across the step. The resulting solution is unique and satisfies the principle of dissipation of energy across the shock wave. We provide examples of possible wave patterns. Numerical solution of a first-order dissipative scheme as well as an implementation of our Riemann solver in the second-order upwind method are compared with the proposed exact Riemann problem solution. We also illustrate the practical implementation of the proposed exact Riemann solver in the framework of a second-order upwind TVD method.

MSC:
76L05 Shock waves and blast waves in fluid mechanics
76B15 Water waves, gravity waves; dispersion and scattering, nonlinear interaction
76M12 Finite volume methods applied to problems in fluid mechanics
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