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**Meshless Galerkin least-squares method.**
*(English)*
Zbl 1143.74390

Summary: Collocation method and Galerkin method have been dominant in the existing meshless methods. Galerkin-based meshless methods are computational intensive, whereas collocation-based meshless methods suffer from instability. A new efficient meshless method, meshless Galerkin lest-squares method (MGLS), is proposed in this paper to combine the advantages of Galerkin method and collocation method. The problem domain is divided into two subdomains, the interior domain and boundary domain. Galerkin method is applied in the boundary domain, whereas the least-squares method is applied in the interior domain.The proposed scheme elliminates the posibilities of spurious solutions as that in the least-square method if an incorrect boundary conditions are used. To investigate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method, a cantilevered beam and an infinite plate with a central circular hole are analyzed in detail and numerical results are compared with those obtained by Galerkin-based meshless method (GBMM), collocation-based meshless method (CBMM) and meshless weighted least squares method (MWLS). Numerical studies show that the accuracy of the proposed MGLS is much higher than that of CBMM and is close to, even better than, that of GBMM, while the computational cost is much less than that of GBMM.

### MSC:

74S30 | Other numerical methods in solid mechanics (MSC2010) |

74B05 | Classical linear elasticity |