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Steady streaming within a periodically rotating sphere. (English) Zbl 1145.76464
Summary: We consider the flow in a spherical chamber undergoing periodic torsional oscillations about an axis through its centre, and analyse it both theoretically and experimentally. We calculate the flow in the limit of small-amplitude oscillations in the form of a series expansion in powers of the amplitude, finding that at second order, a steady streaming flow develops consisting of two toroidal cells. This streaming behaviour is also observed in our experiments. We find good quantitative agreement between theory and experiments, and we discuss the dependence of the steady streaming behaviour as both the oscillation frequency and amplitude are varied.

MSC:
76U05 General theory of rotating fluids
76M45 Asymptotic methods, singular perturbations applied to problems in fluid mechanics
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