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Weight distribution and decoding of codes on hypergraphs. (English) Zbl 1154.94012
Summary: Codes on hypergraphs are an extension of the well-studied family of codes on bipartite graphs. Y. Bilu and S. Hoory [Eur. J. Comb. 25, No. 3, 339–354 (2004; Zbl 1063.94104)] constructed an explicit family of codes on regular \(t\)-partite hypergraphs whose minimum distance improves earlier estimates of the distance of bipartite-graph codes. They also suggested a decoding algorithm for such codes and estimated its error-correcting capability.
In this paper we study two aspects of hypergraph codes. First, we compute the weight enumerators of several ensembles of such codes, establishing conditions under which they attain the Gilbert-Varshamov bound and deriving estimates of their distance. In particular, we show that this bound is attained by codes constructed on a fixed bipartite graph with a large spectral gap.
We also suggest a new decoding algorithm of hypergraph codes that corrects a constant fraction of errors, improving upon the algorithm of Bilu and Hoory.

MSC:
94B25 Combinatorial codes
94B35 Decoding
05C65 Hypergraphs
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