Backward bifurcation of an epidemic model with standard incidence rate and treatment rate. (English) Zbl 1156.34320

Summary: An epidemic model with standard incidence rate and treatment rate of infectious individuals is proposed to understand the effect of the capacity for treatment of infectives on the disease spread. It is assumed that treatment rate is proportional to the numbers of infectives below the capacity and is a constant when the number of infectives is greater than the capacity. It is proved that the existence and stability of equilibria for the model is not only related to the basic reproduction number but also the capacity for treatment of infectives. It is found that a backward bifurcation occurs if the capacity is small. It is also found that there exist bistable endemic equilibria if the capacity is low.


34C23 Bifurcation theory for ordinary differential equations
92D30 Epidemiology
37N25 Dynamical systems in biology
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