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Solution of Volterra’s population model via block-pulse functions and Lagrange-interpolating polynomials. (English) Zbl 1156.65106
Summary: A numerical method for solving Volterra’s population model for population growth of a species in a closed system is proposed. Volterra’s model is a nonlinear integro-differential equation where the integral term represents the effects of toxin. The approach is based on hybrid function approximations. The properties of hybrid functions that consist of block-pulse and Lagrange-interpolating polynomials are presented. The associated operational matrices of integration and product are then utilized to reduce the solution of Volterra’s model to the solution of a system of algebraic equations. The method is easy to implement and computationally very attractive. Applications are demonstrated through an illustrative example.

MSC:
65R20 Numerical methods for integral equations
45J05 Integro-ordinary differential equations
45G10 Other nonlinear integral equations
92D25 Population dynamics (general)
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