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An improved ant colony optimization for vehicle routing problem. (English) Zbl 1156.90434
Summary: The vehicle routing problem (VRP), a well-known combinatorial optimization problem, holds a central place in logistics management. This paper proposes an improved ant colony optimization (IACO), which possesses a new strategy to update the increased pheromone, called ant-weight strategy, and a mutation operation, to solve VRP. The computational results for fourteen benchmark problems are reported and compared to those of other metaheuristic approaches.

MSC:
90C27 Combinatorial optimization
90C59 Approximation methods and heuristics in mathematical programming
Software:
OR-Library
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