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Macroscopic description of steady and unsteady rarefaction effects in boundary value problems of gas dynamics. (English) Zbl 1184.76844
Summary: Four basic flow configurations are employed to investigate steady and unsteady rarefaction effects in monatomic ideal gas flows. Internal and external flows in planar geometry, namely, viscous slip (Kramer’s problem), thermal creep, oscillatory Couette, and pulsating Poiseuille flows are considered. A characteristic feature of the selected problems is the formation of the Knudsen boundary layers, where non-Newtonian stress and non-Fourier heat conduction exist. The linearized Navier-Stokes-Fourier and regularized 13-moment equations are utilized to analytically represent the rarefaction effects in these boundary-value problems. It is shown that the regularized 13-moment system correctly estimates the structure of Knudsen layers, compared to the linearized Boltzmann equation data.

76P05 Rarefied gas flows, Boltzmann equation in fluid mechanics
82B40 Kinetic theory of gases in equilibrium statistical mechanics
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