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Fast exact \(k\) nearest neighbors search using an orthogonal search tree. (English) Zbl 1192.68587
Summary: The problem of \(k\) nearest neighbors \((kNN)\) is to find the nearest \(k\) neighbors for a query point from a given data set. In this paper, a novel fast \(kNN\) search method using an orthogonal search tree is proposed. The proposed method creates an orthogonal search tree for a data set using an orthonormal basis evaluated from the data set. To find the \(kNN\) for a query point from the data set, projection values of the query point onto orthogonal vectors in the orthonormal basis and a node elimination inequality are applied for pruning unlikely nodes. For a node, which cannot be deleted, a point elimination inequality is further used to reject impossible data points. Experimental results show that the proposed method has good performance on finding \(kNN\) for query points and always requires less computation time than available \(kNN\) search algorithms, especially for a data set with a big number of data points or a large standard deviation.

MSC:
68T10 Pattern recognition, speech recognition
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