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Regeneration in random combinatorial structures. (English) Zbl 1204.60028
Summary: Kingman’s theory of partition structures relates, via a natural sampling procedure, finite partitions to hypothetical infinite populations. Explicit formulas for distributions of such partitions are rare, the most notable exception being the Ewens sampling formula, and its two-parameter extension by Pitman. When one adds an extra structure to the partitions like a linear order on the set of blocks and regenerative properties, some representation theorems allow to get more precise information on the distribution. In these notes we survey recent developments of the theory of regenerative partitions and compositions. In particular, we discuss connection between ordered and unordered structures, regenerative properties of the Ewens-Pitman partitions, and asymptotics of the number of components.

MSC:
60G09 Exchangeability for stochastic processes
60C05 Combinatorial probability
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