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A bound on the pathwidth of sparse graphs with applications to exact algorithms. (English) Zbl 1219.05187
The authors resented a bound of \(m/5.769+O(\log n)\) on the pathwidth of graphs with \(m\) edges. Respective path decompositions can be computed in polynomial time. Using a well-known framework for algorithms that rely on tree decompositions, this directly leads to runtime bounds of \(O^*(2^{m/5.769})\) for Max-2SAT and Max-Cut. Both algorithms require exponential space due to dynamic programming. If we agree to accept a slightly larger bound of \(m/5.217+3\), we even obtain path decompositions with a rather simple structure: all bags share a large set of common nodes. Using branching based algorithms it may be possible to solve the same problems in polynomial space and time \(O^*(2^{m/5.217})\).

05C85 Graph algorithms (graph-theoretic aspects)
68R10 Graph theory (including graph drawing) in computer science
68W01 General topics in the theory of algorithms
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