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**Measuring basis risk involved in longevity hedges.**
*(English)*
Zbl 1228.91042

Summary: In examining basis risk in index longevity hedges, it is important not to ignore the dependence between the population underlying the hedging instrument and the population being hedged. We consider four extensions to the Lee-Carter model that incorporate such dependence: Both populations are jointly driven by the same single time-varying index, the two populations are cointegrated, the populations depend on a common age factor, and there is an augmented common factor model in which a population-specific time-varying index is added to the common factor model with the property that it will tend toward a certain constant level over time. Using data from the female populations of Canada and the United States, we show the augmented common factor model is preferred in terms of both goodness-of-fit and ex post forecasting performance. This model is then used to quantify the basis risk in a longevity hedge of 65-year old Canadian females structured using a portfolio of q-forward contracts predicated on U.S. female population mortality. The hedge effectiveness is estimated at 56% on the basis of longevity valueat-risk and 81.61% on the basis of longevity risk reduction.

### MSC:

91B30 | Risk theory, insurance (MSC2010) |

62P05 | Applications of statistics to actuarial sciences and financial mathematics |

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\textit{J. S. H. Li} and \textit{M. R. Hardy}, N. Am. Actuar. J. 15, No. 2, 177--200 (2011; Zbl 1228.91042)

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