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Reliable facility location design under the risk of disruptions. (English) Zbl 1231.90266
Summary: Reliable facility location models consider unexpected failures with site-dependent probabilities, as well as possible customer reassignment. This paper proposes a compact mixed integer program (MIP) formulation and a continuum approximation (CA) model to study the reliable uncapacitated fixed charge location problem (RUFL), which seeks to minimize initial setup costs and expected transportation costs in normal and failure scenarios.
The MIP determines the optimal facility locations as well as the optimal customer assignments and is solved using a custom-designed Lagrangian relaxation (LR) algorithm. The CA model predicts the total system cost without details about facility locations and customer assignments, and it provides a fast heuristic to find near-optimum solutions. Our computational results show that the LR algorithm is efficient for mid-sized RUFL problems and that the CA solutions are close to optimal in most of the test instances. For large-scale problems, the CA method is a good alternative to the LR algorithm that avoids prohibitively long running times.

90B80 Discrete location and assignment
90C90 Applications of mathematical programming
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