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Chaotic dynamics of the partially follower-loaded elastic double pendulum. (English) Zbl 1232.70033
Summary: The non-linear dynamics of the elastically restrained double pendulum, with non-conservative follower-type loading and linear damping, is re-examined with specific reference to the occurrence of chaotic motion. A local non-linear perturbation analysis is performed, showing that in three distinct regions of loading parameter space, small initial disturbances will result in, respectively, (1) static equilibrium solutions, (2) stable periodic motion, and (3) initially large changes in amplitude due to a destabilizing effect of both linear and non-linear forces. A global numerical analysis confirms the theoretical findings for regions (1) and (2), and shows that in region (3) almost all solutions are chaotic. It is suggested that chaos is triggered by a bifurcating cascade of large amplitude stable and unstable equilibrium points, which may be explored by orbits only when the zero-solution is destabilized by both linear and non-linear forces. Although heuristically based, this may be used as a practical and rather accurate predictive criterion for chaos to appear in the specific system.

MSC:
70K50 Bifurcations and instability for nonlinear problems in mechanics
37D45 Strange attractors, chaotic dynamics of systems with hyperbolic behavior
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