zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Eavesdropping on the two-way quantum communication protocols with invisible photons. (English) Zbl 1234.68031
Summary: The crucial issue of quantum communication protocol is its security. In this Letter, we show that all the deterministic and direct two-way quantum communication protocols, sometimes called ping-pong (PP) protocols, are insecure when an eavesdropper uses the invisible photon to eavesdrop on the communication. With our invisible photon eavesdropping (IPE) scheme, the eavesdropper can obtain full information of the communication with zero risk of being detected. We show that this IPE scheme can be implemented experimentally with current technology. Finally, a possible improvement of PP communication protocols security is proposed.

68M12 Network protocols
68Q12 Quantum algorithms and complexity in the theory of computing
Full Text: DOI
[1] Gisin, N.; Ribordy, G.; Tittel, W.; Zbinden, H., Rev. mod. phys., 74, 145, (2002)
[2] Bennett, C.H.; Brassard, G., (), 175
[3] Ekert, A.K.; Curty, M.; Lewenstein, M.; Lütkenhaus, N.; Lo, H.-K.; Chau, H.F.; Mayer, D.; Shor, P.W.; Preskill, J., Phys. rev. lett., Phys. rev. lett., Science, J. assoc. comput. Mach., Phys. rev. lett., 85, 441, (2000)
[4] For a review, see Ref. [1]
[5] Brassard, G.; Lütkenhaus, N.; Mor, T.; Sanders, B.C., Phys. rev. lett., 85, 1330, (2000)
[6] Boström, K.; Felbinger, T., Phys. rev. lett., 89, 187902, (2002)
[7] Wójcik, A.; Cai, Q.-Y., Phys. rev. lett., Phys. rev. lett., 91, 109801, (2003)
[8] Cai, Q.-Y.; Li, B.-W.; An, N.B., Phys. rev. A, Phys. lett. A, 328, 6, (2004)
[9] Degiovanni, I.P.; Wójcik, A., Phys. rev. A, Phys. rev. A, 71, 016301, (2005)
[10] Cai, Q.-Y.; Li, B.-W.; Lü, H.; Yan, X.-D.; Zhang, X.-Z., Chin. phys. lett., Chin. phys. lett., 21, 2340, (2004)
[11] Lucamarini, M.; Mancini, S., Phys. rev. lett., 94, 140501, (2005)
[12] Deng, F.-G.; Long, G.L.; Hoffmann, H.; Boström, K.; Felbinger, T.; Deng, F.-G.; Long, G.L., Phys. rev. A, Phys. rev. A, Phys. rev. A, 70, 012311, (2004)
[13] Komiyama, S.; Astafiev, O.; Antonov, V.V.; Kutsuwa, T.; Hirai, H., Nature, 403, 405, (2000)
[14] Gisin, N.; Fasel, S.; Kraus, B.; Zbinden, H.; Ribordy, G.
[15] M.S. Kim, private communication
[16] Kye, W.-K.; Kim, C.-M.; Kim, M.S.; Park, Y.-J., Phys. rev. lett., 95, 040501, (2005)
[17] Q.-Y. Cai, Eavesdropping on the “quantum key distribution with blind polarization bases” using sophisticated photon-number-splitting attack, in preparation
This reference list is based on information provided by the publisher or from digital mathematics libraries. Its items are heuristically matched to zbMATH identifiers and may contain data conversion errors. It attempts to reflect the references listed in the original paper as accurately as possible without claiming the completeness or perfect precision of the matching.