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Stochastic programming problems with generalized integrated chance constraints. (English) Zbl 1252.90056

Summary: If the constraints in an optimization problem are dependent on a random parameter, we would like to ensure that they are fulfilled with a high level of reliability. The most natural way is to employ chance constraints. However, the resulting problem is very hard to solve. We propose an alternative formulation of stochastic programs using penalty functions. The expectations of penalties can be left as constraints leading to generalized integrated chance constraints, or incorporated into the objective as a penalty term. We show that the penalty problems are asymptotically equivalent under quite mild conditions. We discuss applications of sample-approximation techniques to the problems with generalized integrated chance constraints and propose rates of convergence for the set of feasible solutions. We will direct our attention to the case when the set of feasible solutions is finite, which can appear in integer programming. The results are then extended to the bounded sets with continuous variables. Additional binary variables are necessary to solve sample-approximated chance-constrained problems, leading to a large mixed-integer non-linear program. On the other hand, the problems with penalties can be solved without adding binary variables; just continuous variables are necessary to model the penalties. The introduced approaches are applied to the blending problem leading to comparably reliable solutions.

MSC:

90C15 Stochastic programming
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