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Paved with good intentions: analysis of a randomized block Kaczmarz method. (English) Zbl 1282.65042
Summary: The block Kaczmarz method is an iterative scheme for solving overdetermined least-squares problems. At each step, the algorithm projects the current iterate onto the solution space of a subset of the constraints. This paper describes a block Kaczmarz algorithm that uses a randomized control scheme to choose the subset at each step. This algorithm is the first block Kaczmarz method with an (expected) linear rate of convergence that can be expressed in terms of the geometric properties of the matrix and its submatrices. The analysis reveals that the algorithm is most effective when it is given a good row paving of the matrix, a partition of the rows into well-conditioned blocks. The operator theory literature provides detailed information about the existence and construction of good row pavings. Together, these results yield an efficient block Kaczmarz scheme that applies to many overdetermined least-squares problem.

65F10 Iterative numerical methods for linear systems
65F20 Numerical solutions to overdetermined systems, pseudoinverses
68W20 Randomized algorithms
41A65 Abstract approximation theory (approximation in normed linear spaces and other abstract spaces)
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