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A Bayesian log-normal model for multivariate loss reserving. (English) Zbl 1291.91126
Summary: The correlation among multiple lines of business plays an important role in quantifying the uncertainty of loss reserves for insurance portfolios. To accommodate correlation, most multivariate loss-reserving methods focus on the pairwise association between corresponding cells in multiple run-off triangles. However, such practice usually relies on the independence assumption across accident years and ignores the calendar year effects that could affect all open claims simultaneously and induce dependencies among loss triangles. To address this issue, we study a Bayesian log-normal model in the prediction of outstanding claims for dependent lines of business. In addition to the pairwise correlation, our method allows for an explicit examination of the correlation due to common calendar year effects. Further, different specifications of the calendar year trend are considered to reflect valuation actuaries’ prior knowledge of claim development. In a case study, we analyze an insurance portfolio of personal and commercial auto lines from a major U.S. property-casualty insurer. It is shown that the incorporation of calendar year effects improves model fit significantly, though it contributes substantively to the predictive variability. The availability of the realizations of predicted claims permits us to perform a retrospective test, which suggests that extra prediction uncertainty is indispensable in modern risk management practices.

MSC:
91B30 Risk theory, insurance (MSC2010)
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