Addition of momentum and kinetic energy effects in supersonic compressible flow using pseudo bond graph approach.

*(English)*Zbl 1302.76092Summary: In most of the papers published on compressible fluid using pseudo the bond graph approach, momentum and kinetic energy effects have been neglected due to low speed. However, in convergent-divergent nozzles that the flow is supersonic, these models will lose their validation. For the purpose of considering kinetic energy in compressible fluid flow, this paper introduces a new field (KE-field) to pseudo bond graph. This field can also be used to extract the momentum equation on the gaseous models. Furthermore, Karnopp’s suggested relation for an isentropic nozzle is developed to a convergent-divergent nozzle. The simulation results show that the thrust force obtained from the simulations has a very good agreement to analytical relationships. Therefore, it suggests that the KE-field can be used for modelling the thrust force. As bond graph method has been implemented in many software applications such as MS1, SYMBOLS2000 and 20SIM\(^{\circledR}\), the new field can also be used in these software.

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\textit{A. Sanei} et al., Math. Comput. Model. Dyn. Syst. 20, No. 5, 491--503 (2014; Zbl 1302.76092)

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