Imperfection sensitivity of an orthotropic spherical shell under external pressure.

*(English)*Zbl 1346.74122Summary: In the first part of this paper, rib-stiffened thin-walled spherical shells under external hydrostatic pressure are optimized using classical approximate methods and empirical knock-down-factors. In the second part of the paper, the influence of known imperfections is investigated.

The thin-walled spherical shells under external pressure are very sensitive to geometrical imperfections. Hoff recognized that for entire isotropic spherical shells the more likely imperfection will be a local circular dent, which for such shells, can always be considered as an axisymmetric one. Hoff’s idea has been further investigated by Koga–Hoff, Galletly et al. These results showed that for a given depth of an imperfection a critical size of the corresponding circular dent exists, giving the minimum for the actual load carrying capacity of the shell.

This paper suggests to extend Hoff’s theory to isogrid and waffle-grid stiffened spherical shells. The issue of these investigations is a set of knock-down-factors plotted versus imperfection amplitude related to the total thickness of the rib-stiffened (isogrid or waffle-grid) shell. These curves fit reasonably with those established for isotropic shells by Hoff et al. or by Koiter, and enable to estimate the jeopardy of measured actual dents.

The thin-walled spherical shells under external pressure are very sensitive to geometrical imperfections. Hoff recognized that for entire isotropic spherical shells the more likely imperfection will be a local circular dent, which for such shells, can always be considered as an axisymmetric one. Hoff’s idea has been further investigated by Koga–Hoff, Galletly et al. These results showed that for a given depth of an imperfection a critical size of the corresponding circular dent exists, giving the minimum for the actual load carrying capacity of the shell.

This paper suggests to extend Hoff’s theory to isogrid and waffle-grid stiffened spherical shells. The issue of these investigations is a set of knock-down-factors plotted versus imperfection amplitude related to the total thickness of the rib-stiffened (isogrid or waffle-grid) shell. These curves fit reasonably with those established for isotropic shells by Hoff et al. or by Koiter, and enable to estimate the jeopardy of measured actual dents.

##### MSC:

74K25 | Shells |