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Labelled superposition for PLTL. (English) Zbl 1352.68164
Bjørner, Nikolaj (ed.) et al., Logic for programming, artificial intelligence, and reasoning. 18th international conference, LPAR-18, Mérida, Venezuela, March 11–15, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin: Springer (ISBN 978-3-642-28716-9/pbk). Lecture Notes in Computer Science 7180, 391-405 (2012).
Summary: This paper introduces a new decision procedure for PLTL based on labelled superposition. Its main idea is to treat temporal formulas as infinite sets of purely propositional clauses over an extended signature. These infinite sets are then represented by finite sets of labelled propositional clauses. The new representation enables the replacement of the complex temporal resolution rule, suggested by existing resolution calculi for PLTL, by a fine grained repetition check of finitely saturated labelled clause sets followed by a simple inference. The completeness argument is based on the standard model building idea from superposition. It inherently justifies ordering restrictions, redundancy elimination and effective partial model building. The latter can be directly used to effectively generate counterexamples of non-valid PLTL conjectures out of saturated labelled clause sets in a straightforward way.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 1238.68012].

MSC:
68Q60 Specification and verification (program logics, model checking, etc.)
03B44 Temporal logic
68T15 Theorem proving (deduction, resolution, etc.) (MSC2010)
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