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Analysis of decreasing squared-sum of Gram-Schmidt lengths for short lattice vectors. (English) Zbl 1391.65099
Summary: In 2015, M. Fukase and K. Kashiwabara [An accelerated algorithm for solving SVP based on statistical analysis, J. Inf. Process. 23, No. 1, 1–15 (2015; doi:10.2197/ipsjjip.23.67)] proposed an efficient method to find a very short lattice vector. Their method has been applied to solve Darmstadt shortest vector problems of dimensions 134 to 150. Their method is based on Schnorr’s random sampling, but their preprocessing is different from others. It aims to decrease the sum of the squared lengths of the Gram-Schmidt vectors of a lattice basis, before executing random sampling of short lattice vectors. The effect is substantiated from their statistical analysis, and it implies that the smaller the sum becomes, the shorter sampled vectors can be. However, no guarantee is known to strictly decrease the sum. In this paper, we study Fukase-Kashiwabara’s method in both theory and practice, and give a heuristic but practical condition that the sum is strictly decreased. We believe that our condition would enable one to monotonically decrease the sum and to find a very short lattice vector in fewer steps.

65F20 Numerical solutions to overdetermined systems, pseudoinverses
68R01 General topics of discrete mathematics in relation to computer science
94A60 Cryptography
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