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Analysis of two-dimensional functionally graded rotating thick disks with variable thickness. (English) Zbl 1401.74023

Summary: Elasticity solutions of two-dimensional functionally graded rotating annular and solid disks with variable thickness are presented. Material properties vary through both the radial and axial directions continuously. Axisymmetric conditions are assumed for the two-dimensional functionally graded disk. The graded finite element method (GFEM) has been applied to solve the equations. The distributions of displacements and stresses in radial and axial directions for four different thickness profiles (constant, linear, concave and convex) and various power law exponents have been investigated. The achieved results show that by the use of functionally graded materials and variable thicknesses, the stresses are reduced, so a higher capability of angular velocity can be obtained. Also, using two-dimensional functionally graded materials leads to a more flexible design in comparison with conventional one-dimensional functionally graded materials. The GFEM solution of a functionally graded thin rotating annular disk has been compared with the published literature and it shows good agreement.

MSC:

74A40 Random materials and composite materials
74K20 Plates
74G15 Numerical approximation of solutions of equilibrium problems in solid mechanics
74S05 Finite element methods applied to problems in solid mechanics

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